- Haryana, India
- Chandigarh (U.T.)
- Delhi, India
- New Delhi
Million+ Cities in
Delhi Municipal Corp.
- pop. 9,817,439
- pop. 1,054,981
district (Top 5, Top 2 in Delhi)
- pop. 2,194,586
Gurgaon - pop.
Hisar - pop. 1,537,117
Bhiwani - pop.
Sonipat - pop. 1,279,175
North-West Delhi - pop. 2,860,869
South Delhi - pop. 2,267,023
Eastern parts of
Haryana along with Delhi lie in the Gangetic Plain. This is a
fore-deep, a downwarp of the Himalayan foreland, of variable depth,
converted into flat plains by long-vigorous sedimentation. This is
known as a geosyncline and the Gangetic Plain is the Indo-Gangetic
Geosyncline. This has shown considerable amounts of flexure and
dislocation at the northern end and is bounded on the north by the
Himalayan Frontal Thrust. The floor of the Gangetic trough (if see
without all the sediments) is not an even plain, but shows corrugated
inequalities and buried ridges (shelf faults). The region sits atop
the Delhi-Haridwar ridge which is a sub-surface ridge, trending NE-SW.
There are numerous faults in this region, like the Moradabad, Panipat
and Sohna faults. Delhi, Chandigarh and many parts of Haryana lie in
Zone IV and thus they are extremely vulnerable to earthquakes. Most
earthquakes in this region are shallow though a few earthquake of
intermediate depth have been recorded in Haryana. The alluvial cover
of the Indo-Gangetic plain makes even distant earthquake felt here
quite strongly. This region often feels deep-seated earthquakes that
are centred on the Pakistan-Afghanistan Border and in the Hindukush
mountains in Afghanistan.
must be stated that proximity to faults does not necessarily translate
into a higher hazard as compared to areas located further away, as
damage from earthquakes depends on numerous factors such as subsurface
geology as well as adherence to the building codes.
Ambala, Sonepat, Rohtak, Karnal,
Gurgaon, Faridabad, Panipat, Rewari and Yamunanagar districts lie in Zone IV.
The districts of Kurukshetra, Jind, Hissar, Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Kaithal
lie in Zone III while only Sirsa district lies in Zone II. The entire state of
Delhi lies in Zone IV and so does the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
Since the earthquake database in India is still
incomplete, especially with regards to earthquakes prior to the historical
period (before 1800 A.D.), these zones offer a rough guide of the
earthquake hazard in any particular region and need to be regularly updated
GSHAP Hazard Map for Chandigarh, Delhi & Haryana).
Earthquake in Chandigarh, Delhi & Haryana
August 1960 -
Gurgaon-Faridabad (Haryana), 6.0 (TS)
15:58:59.20UTC, 28.20N, 77.40E
Damage from this earthquake extended into New Delhi where at least 50 people
were injured. Structural damage was reported in Karol Bagh and cracks in houses
in RK Puram.
Earthquakes in Chandigarh, Delhi & Haryana
The following list briefly outlines known earthquakes. General locations are provided for historical events for
which "generalized" epicentral co-ordinates are available.
Some events which were significant for other reasons are also included.
This list will be updated whenever newer information is available. Please note
that Magnitude and Intensity are NOT THE SAME. All events are within the state
or union territory covered on this page unless stated otherwise.
Wave Magnitude, ML=Local
This listing will be modified
without notice. Please check back for the latest version
when using it elsewhere.
reproduce using appropriate
(Haryana), 6.0 (TS)
28.20 N, 77.40 E, OT=15:58:59.20
Damage from this earthquake extended into New Delhi where at least
50 people were injured. Structural damage was reported in Karol Bagh
and cracks in houses in RK Puram.
20 June 1966
- Delhi-Gurgaon Border (Delhi-Haryana Border region),
Mb 4.7 (ISC)
28.50 N, 76.98 E, D=053.0 kms, OT=13:42:57 UTC
29 July 1980
- Western Nepal, Mw 6.8 (HRV)
29.60 N, 81.09 E, OT=14:58:40 UTC
Between 150 - 200 persons were killed and
hundreds injured. Extensive damage in
several towns in western Nepal. The quake also caused damage in
Pithoragarh area, nearly 50 kilometres away from the epicentre. 13
persons were killed here and 40 were injured. The quake was felt as
far away as Kathmandu and New Delhi.
- Near Pilang
(Uttarkashi), Uttaranchal, Mw 6.8
N, 78.77 E, OT=21:23:14
Between 750 to
2000 people killed in
the Gharwal region. It was also
felt very strongly in Uttar Pradesh, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana and
Punjab. Some minor damage was reported in Chandigarh and New Delhi.
12 November 1996 - Near Kurukshetra (Haryana-U.P.
bdr. region), Mb
29.928 N, 77.207 E, D=055.0 kms, OT=04:20:58
4 May 1997 - Rothak-Sonepat Districts (Haryana),
ML 4.1 (EIDC)
28.984 N, 76.588 E, D=28.8 kms, OT=07:19:22 UTC
30 March 1998 -
Mahendragarh-Bhiwani Districts (Haryana-Rajasthan Bdr.),
Mb 5.0 (NEIC)
28.211 N, 76.240 E, D=010.0 kms, OT=23:55:45 UTC
22 March 1999 - North of New Delhi, (Haryana-Uttar Pradesh
Border region), Mb 4.1 (NEIC)
29.257 N, 76.940 E, D=207.6 kms, OT=09:56:16 UTC
29 March 1999
- Near Gopeshwar (Chamoli), Uttaranchal Mw
30.492 N, 79.288
E, OT=19:05:11 UTC
115 people killed in the Gharwal
region. The quake was felt very strongly
in Uttar Pradesh, Chandigarh, Delhi and Haryana. In Haryana, one
person was killed in the city of Ambala and
2 at Nakodar in the neighbouring state of
Punjab. Minor damage to buildings in New Delhi,
most significantly in Patparganj. Minor damage also reported from
28 April 2001
- Sonepat-Delhi region, Mb 4.3 (ISC)
28.591 N, 77.044 E, D=15.4 kms, OT=03:06:27 UTC
Felt widely in the New Delhi area and resulted in widespread panic
in the city.
22 December 2003 -
Jind region, Haryana ML 3.5
29.235 N, 76.401 E, D=15.4 kms, OT=20:19:08 UTC
A series of minor tremors were
felt in central Haryana, in the town of Jind and the surrounding
villages from early November 2003
into early 2004. This
sequence was punctuated by a ML=3.5
event on 23 December 2003, which has been the largest recorded event
since the onset of the swarm.
27 November 2004 -
Chandigarh-north Haryana region, ML 3.9
30.352 N, 77.129 E, D=19 kms, OT=23:53:54 UTC
earthquake struck the union territory of
Chandigarh and the adjoining parts of Haryana & Punjab
on 27 November 2004
at 05:23 AM local time. It was felt
by many in the region and had a magnitude of ML=3.9.
8 October 2005
Kashmir-Kohistan, Pakistan-India border, Mw
34.432 N, 73.537
E, D=020.0 kms, OT=03:50:40 UTC
major earthquake struck the India-Pakistan
border on the morning of 8 October 2005. It had a magnitude of
Mw=7.6 and was felt
strongly in much of Pakistan,
northern India and eastern Afghanistan. The earthquake resulted in
more than 80,000 deaths in northern
Pakistan and adjoining parts of Jammu & Kashmir, India and is by far
one of the deadliest in the sub-continent. At least 10 people also
died in other parts of north India (including 2
in Delhi) and 4 in Afghanistan due to this earthquake.
Tremors from the earthquake were felt more than a thousand
kilometres away in the Indian states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and
25 November 2007 -
Delhi metropolitan area, Mb 4.6
earthquake was felt in the Delhi Metropolitan area on the morning of
26 November 2007 at 04:42 AM IST. It had a magnitude of Mb=4.6 and
was felt for close to 10-seconds in Delhi causing widespread panic.
This is the strongest local earthquakes in the Delhi metropolitan
area since 2001 and the highest in magnitude since the M6.0 Gurgaon
earthquake in August 1960.