earthquake struck the
Kangra Valley and the Dhauladhar Mountains
on 11 November 2004
at 07:43 AM local time. It was
felt strongly in the Kangra-Dharamsala region and event caused
minor damage to buildings in the region. It had a magnitude of
was centred 2 kms W of Bharmour (Himachal Pradesh), India,
18.1 kms WSW of Kugti (Himachal Pradesh), India,
30.5 kms NE of Lower Dharamshala (Himachal Pradesh), India,
38.6 kms ESE of Chamba (Himachal Pradesh), India,
44.7 kms NE of Kangra (Himachal Pradesh), India,
83.8 kms ENE of Pathankot (Punjab), India,
153 kms NE of Jalandhar (Punjab), India,
161 kms NNW of Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), India.
Strong tremors were felt for close to 6
seconds in the Dharamshala-Kangra region,
breaking a few window panes. Cracks
developed in the Hanuman temple at Kacharri Adda,
Dharamshala. The roof of the mess of in
the Police Lines, Dharamshala was damaged. Cracks were also
reported from many houses in the Government residential
colony in Chailiya. At Upred village
near Kangra, cracked developed in a dozen houses. Cracks
are said to have developed in buildings belonging to the
State Electricity Board and the
Government residential colony in Siddapur. At Gopalpur in
Palampur taluka, one kachha house collapsed and many were
damaged. Cracks were also reported from
buildings at Maizhagaon village. Minor damage
occurred at Panchrukhi and the surrounding areas. At
Rachyalu village near Sarah, ten houses
were damaged and according to the panchayat pradhan, two
were left uninhabitable. Cracks were
also reported from buildings at Dheera, Maranda, Nagrota Bhagwan
and Panchrukhi. A felt report received from McLeodganj said the
quake was strong, lasted about 12-seconds
and caused hairline cracks in buildings.
People rushed outdoors
at Baijnath, Nagrota, Palampur and Shahpur.
Tremors were also reported from Bharmour,
Chamba, Dalhousie and Saloni but
no damage was caused.
A Mb=4.1 (NEIC; ML=3.9 IMD)
aftershock was felt shortly afterwards at 08:16:49
AM IST (02:46:49 UTC) causing further
panic in the region. This tremor was located 6.8 kilometres E of
Lower Dharamshala (Himachal Pradesh), India. The
mainshock at 07:43 IST is the strongest earthquake in this
region since January 2002. Damaging earthquakes
have occurred in this region in 1905,
1906, 1945, 1978 and 1986.
India Meteorological Department (IMD),
Earthquake Information Centre (NEIC), Golden, USA.
Harvard Centroid Moment Tensor Solution (HRV), Harvard, USA.
Macroseismic information has been compiled by
the ASC from reports by local media and local NGO personnel.
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