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M5.1 Bharmour Earthquake, 2004


11 November 2004


West of Bharmour, HP


02:13:45 UTC (07:43:45 IST)


32.442 N (NEIC)


76.512 E (NEIC)


34.0  kms (NEIC)


Mb 5.1 (IMD), 4.9 (NEIC)

Additional Info


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A moderate earthquake struck the Kangra Valley and the Dhauladhar Mountains on 11 November 2004 at 07:43 AM local time. It was felt strongly in the Kangra-Dharamsala region and event caused minor damage to buildings in the region. It had a magnitude of Mb=5.1.

The earthquake was centred 2 kms W of Bharmour (Himachal Pradesh), India,
18.1 kms WSW of Kugti (Himachal Pradesh), India,
30.5 kms NE of Lower Dharamshala (Himachal Pradesh), India,
38.6 kms ESE of Chamba (Himachal Pradesh), India,
44.7 kms NE of Kangra (Himachal Pradesh), India,
83.8 kms ENE of Pathankot (Punjab), India,
153 kms NE of Jalandhar (Punjab), India,
161 kms NNW of Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), India.

Strong tremors were felt for close to 6 seconds in the Dharamshala-Kangra region, breaking a few window panes. Cracks developed in the Hanuman temple at Kacharri Adda, Dharamshala. The roof of the mess of in the Police Lines, Dharamshala was damaged. Cracks were also reported from many houses in the Government residential colony in Chailiya. At Upred village near Kangra, cracked developed in a dozen houses. Cracks are said to have developed in buildings belonging to the State Electricity Board and the Government residential colony in Siddapur. At Gopalpur in Palampur taluka, one kachha house collapsed and many were damaged. Cracks were also reported from buildings at Maizhagaon village. Minor damage occurred at Panchrukhi and the surrounding areas. At Rachyalu village near Sarah, ten houses were damaged and according to the panchayat pradhan, two were left uninhabitable. Cracks were also reported from buildings at Dheera, Maranda, Nagrota Bhagwan and Panchrukhi. A felt report received from McLeodganj said the quake was strong, lasted about 12-seconds and caused hairline cracks in buildings.

People rushed outdoors at Baijnath, Nagrota, Palampur and Shahpur. Tremors were also reported from Bharmour, Chamba, Dalhousie and Saloni but no damage was caused. A Mb=4.1 (NEIC; ML=3.9 IMD) aftershock was felt shortly afterwards at 08:16:49 AM IST (02:46:49 UTC) causing further panic in the region. This tremor was located 6.8 kilometres E of Lower Dharamshala (Himachal Pradesh), India. The mainshock at 07:43 IST is the strongest earthquake in this region since January 2002. Damaging earthquakes have occurred in this region in 1905, 1906, 1945, 1978 and 1986.

01) India Meteorological Department (IMD), Delhi.
02) National Earthquake Information Centre (NEIC), Golden, USA.
Harvard Centroid Moment Tensor Solution (HRV), Harvard, USA.
04) Macroseismic information has been compiled by the ASC from reports by local media and local NGO personnel.

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Map Disclaimer
International boundaries of India (especially Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand) on the displayed map are from Google Maps. These do not conform to the external boundaries of India recognized by the Survey of India. That they are displayed on this page via Google Maps, is only for display purposes and this should not be misinterpreted as an endorsement of these boundaries by the Amateur Seismic Centre (ASC).

Page Updated: 22 Feb 2008 | Website Disclaimer

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