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M4.5 Kot Earthquake, 2010

Date:

10 November 2010 *local*

Epicentre:

NE of Kot, Rajasthan

Time:

22:46:33 UTC (04:16:33 IST)  

Latitude:

25.463 N (PDE)

Longitude:

73.725 E (PDE)

Depth:

130.9 kms (PDE)

Magnitude:

Mb=4.5 (PDE); M?=4.8 (IMD)

Additional Info


Map Disclaimer


A light earthquake (M4.0-4.9 termed as "light") occurred in the southern Aravalli range in Rajsamand district, Rajasthan, on 10 November 2010 at 04:16 AM local time in India. It had a magnitude of Mb=4.5 and was widely felt in southern and central Rajasthan as well as in adjacent parts of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat causing widespread minor damage as well as one injury.

The earthquake was centr
ed 5 km NE of Kot (Rajasthan), India,
19.7 kms SW of Devgarh (Rajasthan), India,
26.8 kms NNE of Desuri (Rajasthan), India,
49 kms NW of Rajsamand (Rajasthan), India,
52.9 kms SE of Pali (Rajasthan), India,
92.6 kms W of Bhilwara (Rajasthan), India,
99 kms N of Udaipur (Rajasthan), India,
143 kms SW of Ajmer (Rajasthan), India,
146 kms NE of Abu Road (Rajasthan), India.

If you felt this earthquake, please take the time to fill out a felt report questionnaire.

At least one person was injured when the roof of a house collapsed in the Kumbhalgarh area in Rajsamand district. Two buildings developed cracks at Rajsamand, one at Mohi, a school at Baithumi in the Gilund area and the door of a house was broken at Majera in the same district. At Lawasardargarh, the roof of a house was damaged and cracks developed in the walls of the same building. Buildings also developed cracks in Ajmer district. A few buildings also developed cracks in the town of Bhilwara at Santosh Colony, Shastrinagar and Rameshchandra Vyaas Nagar. Kuccha buildings also developed cracks at Ahore in Jalore district. At least two dozen buildings developed cracks in the Raipur Marwar area most notably in the Asan Jillelav village where 8-10 buildings developed cracks in the Pali district. Cracks also developed in buildings at Bisalpur, Khadawa, Marwad Junction, Narlai, Lunawa and Sewadi in Pali district. A felt report from Udaipur said minor cracks were noted in walls after the earthquake. Some buildings in Dudhakhedi and Riyawan in Madhya Pradesh's Piploda district also developed cracks.

This earthquake was felt strongly at Rajsamand in Rajsamand district, including at Dhoinda, Kankroli and Rajanagar, sending many people running outdoors in panic. It was accompanied by a loud rumbling sound for close to 25-seconds. Birds were frightened awake. Kitchen utensils fell down and doors were heard rattling. Residents said the earthquake was accompanied by a loud rumbling like a fast moving train. Two buildings developed cracks at Rajsamand, one at Mohi, in a primary school at Baithumi in the Gilund area and the door of a house was broken at Majera in the same district. At least one person was injured when the roof of a house collapsed in Kumbhalgarh. Many people ran outdoors and there was considerable panic at Kumbhalgarh after the earthquake. Strong tremors were felt in Nathdwara and people ran outdoors. In the Rampura area of this town people thought burglars were climbing on the roof. In the Bhawato ka Kheda area people rushed outdoors and gathered outside the Charbhuja Mandir. People also ran outdoors at Sema when the heard doors and windows rattling. At Kotharia, a clock was thrown off a wall. Strong shocks were felt in the villages of Bagol, Kanthwa, Machind, Mandiyana, Pakhand, Pabcha, Sayo ka Kheda and Shishoda in the Nathdwara area. At Devgarh, the earthquake was felt for close to 30-seconds. Kitchen utensils were knocked down, birds were frightened and people rushed outdoors. Kitchen utensils were knocked down at Amet and Dariba. People went outdoors at Agria, Gilund, Kelva and Relmagra. In the neighrbourhood of Agria, it was felt at Bhakaroda, Devda, Jetpura, Pipaliya, Saprao and Siyana. Kitchen utensils rattled at Barar. People were woken up at Dilwara. Tremors were felt in several villages in the Kuraj and Lasani areas. At Lawasardargarh, the roof of a house was damaged and cracks developed in the walls of the same building. In the Lawasardargarh area people in the villages of Amartiya, Budrapura, Jhaur, Lodhiana, Murda, Olna ka Kheda, Panotiya, Ravo ka Kheda and Veervaas were woken up by a loud rumbling sound and many collected in open spaces.

This earthquake was widely felt in central and southern Rajasthan. In Ajmer district, one person in Ajmer awoke to the sound of a television set falling to the floor and saw articles on a table shaking. Elsewhere in Ajmer district it was felt at Beawar, Mangaliyawas, Masuda, Nagola, Nasirabad, Pisangan, Sampla and Srinagar. In Bhilwara district, tremors were felt at Asind, Badner, Bhilwara, Bigod, Gangapur, Gulabpura, Hurda and Maandal. People were woken up by the tremor and doors and windows were heard rattling. A few buildings also developed cracks in the town of Bhilwara at Santosh Colony, Shastrinagar and Rameshchandra Vyaas Nagar. Kitchen utensils were also knocked over in a few instances in Bhilwara. Elsewhere in the town the earthquake was felt at Ashok Colony, Azadnagar, Bapunagar, Chaprasi Colony, Gandhinagar, Kashipura, Pur, Sanganer, Subhashnagar and Vivekanand where people were woken up. In Bundi district it was felt by a few people who were awake at Purohit and Sheetal Lanes in Bundi and at Sumerganjmandi in Indragarh. Mild tremors were also felt at Chittaurgarh in Chittaurgarh district. In Chittaurgarh, it was felt at Khatik Mohalla, Pratapnagar, Seti and Shastrinagar. In the Khatik Mohalla area people ran outdoors and gathered in open spaces. People also went outdoors at Pratapnagar. In the Tejaji Chowk area window panes were heard rattling and some people began shouting out in panic. Elsewhere in the district it was felt at Aakola, Badisaddi, Bhadesar, Bhupalsagar, Kapasan and Nimbaheda. Mild tremors were also felt at Dungarpur in Dungarpur district. Mild tremors were also felt at Sambhar and in high-rise buildings as far as Jaipur in Jaipur district. In Jalore district, people were woken up at Jalore and kitchen utensils were heard rattling. mild tremors were felt in Ahore and the adjoining area. People were woken up and went outdoors. A few kucchha buildings also developed cracks. In Siyana, people were woken up by the earthquake, some went outdoors and tin roof sheets were heard rattling. It was also mildly felt at Gudabalotan. In Jodhpur district it was felt at Bilwara, Jodhpur and Phalauda. In Jodhpur itself, tremors were felt in several parts of the city including at Housing Board, Pratapnagar, Ratanada and Shastrinagar; tremors were felt for as long as 20-seconds in the Housing Board area and many people went outdoors. In Pali district, doors and windows rattled at Sojat while at Sumerpur people were woken up and gathered in open spaces. At Nimach, it was felt by a few people and in isolated instances knocked over kitchen utensils. In the Nimach area it was also felt at Asarlai and Moharlai. At least two dozen buildings developed cracks in the Raipur Marwar area most notably in the Asan Jillelav village where 8-10 buildings developed cracks. Here tremors were accompanied by a loud rumbling noise. Cracks also developed in buildings at Bisalpur, Khadawa, Marwad Junction, Narlai, Lunawa and Sewadi. People ran outdoors and Pali and Falna. At Desuri, Ghanerao, Jairatan and , people rushed outdoors in panic and gathered in open space. Doors and windows were rattled and kitchen utensils knocked down. Residents of Desuri and Ghanerao, where the tremor was accompanied by a loud noise, were afraid to return to their homes fearing further stronger shocks. People were also frightened at Giri while at Bisalpur, Devalikala, Dhanla, Nadol, Narlai, Rani and Sanderao people went outdoors. Tremors were also felt at Babra, Khimel and Takhtgarh. In Pratapgarh district, it was felt mildly at Awaleshwar, Gandher, Mokhampura, Pratapgarh and Sakhariya. Kitchen utensils and articles in shops were knocked over at Mokhampura and Sakhariya. In Sirohi district, the earthquake was also felt in the villages of Khindawa, Lunawa and Siyawa in the Abu Road region. At Abu Road and Sirohi people were woken up and kitchen utensils were heard rattling. In Udaipur district, it was felt at Udaipur, especially by people in the upper floors of buildings. Doors and windows rattled and animals were disturbed. A felt report from Udaipur said minor cracks were noted in walls after the earthquake.

Tremors were also felt by a few people at Dudhakhedi, Jhalwa, Piplauda and Riyawan in the Jaora and Piplauda blocks in Ratlam district, Madhya Pradesh. Some buildings in Dudhakhedi and Riyawan developed cracks. In north Gujarat, this earthquake was felt in Banaskantha, Patan and Sabarkantha districts. People went outdoors at Amirgarh and Palanpur in Banaskantha district as well as at Himatnagar and Idar in Sabarkantha district. At Palampur, loose objects were overturned.

The depth of this event reported by the NEIC is 130.9
6.9 kilometres. This value has not been restricted by a geophysicist and might change in a future revision of this event. The Russian array at Obninsk has also estimated the depth of the focus to 70 kilometres. These values are some what unusual for this region as past seismicity has tended to be much shallower. The IMD depth of 3.8 kilometres fits well with regional seismicity patterns. However, the unusually large felt area does seem to indicate a much deeper focus.


References
01) National Earthquake Information Centre (NEIC), Golden, USA.
02
) India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi, India.
03
) Macroseismic information has been compiled by the ASC from reports by local media and local NGO personnel.

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Page Updated: 09 Dec 2010 | Website Disclaimer

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