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M5.5 Sirsanai Earthquake, 2004


14 February 2004


West of Sirsanai, N.W.F.P.


10:30:22 UTC (15:30:22 PST)


34.828 N (NEIC)


72.255 E (NEIC)


8 kms (NEIC)


Mw 5.5 (NEIC), 5.4 (HRV)

Additional Info


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A moderate earthquake struck the Alai and Kaghan Valleys in the NWFP on 14 February 2004 at 15:30 PM causing some damage to property and 24 deaths. The earthquake had a magnitude of Mw=5.5 and followed at 16:56 PM local time by a Mw=5.4 event.

The earthquake was centred 32.4 kms W of Sirsanai (N.W.F.P.), Pakistan,
10.4 kms WNW of Mingaora (N.W.F.P.), Pakistan,
36.0 kms NE of Bhat Khela (N.W.F.P.), Pakistan,
71.7 kms NNE of Mardan (N.W.F.P.), Pakistan,
101 kms NW of Manshera (N.W.F.P.), Pakistan,
145 kms NW of Islamabad (N.C.T.), Pakistan,
249 kms WNW of Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir), India.

At least 24 people were killed and nearly 40 injured in this earthquake and another that  followed within 90 minutes of the first quake. The worst incident was the deaths of 13 passengers of a pickup truck that was crushed by a falling boulder near Gantar village in the Alai Valley. Other reports said the truck was thrown into a ravine by a rock fall. 2 deaths were reported from the Alai Valley,  both due to a wall collapses. In the Balakot area, 4 children were killed. A government hospital was damaged at Kawai. More than 100 houses collapsed in the Kaghan Valley, 75 in Hangrai, 20 in Paras Bela and 5 in village of Jigan. In Paras Bela, one of the worst affected areas where 86 houses were destroyed and 145 partially damaged, hundreds of people were staying outdoors in freezing conditions. In other areas of same valley, five houses were destroyed and 200 partially damaged. Landslides had blocked the Kaghan Road from Jaraid onwards. The road at Paras Bela was also cracked.  In the Manshera area, a roof collapse left one person dead at Jabori village. 100 buildings collapsed in the same village including the minaret of a mosque. 70% of the houses were partially damaged at Tangai whereas 6 completely collapsed.

The road from Mansehra to Khanian was cracked and mudslides tumbled onto the shoulders. Other adjoining areas including Dadar, Sachan, Baffa and Shinkiari were also affected. In the Knosh Valley, 4 people were killed. Three died in a roof collapse at Manda Gucha and at Shungra and one in a rockfall at Keehal. At Battal, 7 houses were destroyed and 53 damaged. Landslides and heavy snowfall blocked roads into the mountainous region and hampered rescue and relief for sometime.

Tremors from the first earthquake at 15:30 local time were felt at Abbottabad, Chitral, Haripur, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Peshawar, Rawalpindi and Sawat. Residents of Islamabad ran outdoors when the earthquake struck. Tremors were also reported from northern parts of the Punjab province. In adjoining parts of India, it was felt at Srinagar and Gulmarg, where residents ran outdoors as doors and windows rattled. An strong aftershock was felt 90-minutes later. This was centred 11.1 kms NNE of Hill (N.W.F.P.), Pakistan and was felt at Islamabad.

01) National Earthquake Information Centre (NEIC), Golden, USA.
Harvard Centroid Moment Tensor Solution (HRV), Harvard, USA.
03) Macroseismic information has been compiled by the ASC from reports by local media and local NGO personnel.

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International boundaries of India (especially Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand) on the displayed map are from Google Maps. These do not conform to the external boundaries of India recognized by the Survey of India. That they are displayed on this page via Google Maps, is only for display purposes and this should not be misinterpreted as an endorsement of these boundaries by the Amateur Seismic Centre (ASC).

Page Updated: 22 Feb 2008 | Website Disclaimer

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