- Uttar Pradesh, India
- pop. 2,532,138
- pop. 2,207,340
Agra - pop. 1,259,979
Varanasi - pop. 1,100,748
Meerut - pop. 1,074,229
district (Top 5)
- pop. 4,936,105
- pop. 4,167,999
Azamgarh - pop.
Jaunpur - pop.
Moradabad - pop.
Most of the state
of Uttar Pradesh lies in the Gangetic Plain. This is a fore-deep, a
downwarp of the Himalayan foreland, of variable depth, converted into
flat plains by long-vigorous sedimentation. This is known as a
geosyncline and the Gangetic Plain is the Indo-Gangetic Geosyncline.
This has shown considerable amounts of flexure and dislocation at the
northern end and is bounded on the north by the Himalayan Frontal
Thrust. The floor of the Gangetic trough (if see
without all the sediments) is not an even
plain, but shows corrugated inequalities and buried ridges
(shelf faults). Beneath Uttar Pradesh, run the Delhi-Haridwar Ridge (DHR),
trending NNE-SSW along New Delhi to the Gharwal region. The Delhi-Muzaffarnagar
Ridge (DMR), which trends east to west, running from New Delhi to
Kathgodam, in Nepal. The last ridge is the Faizabad ridge (FR), which
runs in a curved manner, first east to west from Allahabad to Kanpur
and then starts to bend towards the north-east towards Lucknow and
carries on in this direction towards the Himalayas in Nepal. The
depression that forms between the DMR and the FR, forms the West Uttar
Pradesh shelf in the west and the Sharda Depression in the east. The
region to the south of the FR, forms the East Uttar Pradesh shelf.
There are several faults in the region, among them the Moradabad Fault
which trends NE-SW and the Bhairwan Fault in the vicinity of
Allahabad. Apart from these there are east-west running tear faults in
the region that control the courses of the main rivers. Earthquakes
have occurred in mostly all parts of Uttar Pradesh. Major earthquakes
in the neighbouring states of New Delhi, Uttaranchal, Bihar and from
across the Indo-Nepal border have also shaken
many parts of Uttar Pradesh. However,
it must be stated that proximity to faults does not necessarily
translate into a higher hazard as compared to areas located further
away, as damage from earthquakes depends on numerous factors such as
subsurface geology as well as adherence to the building codes.
The districts of Saharanpur,
Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor, Moradabad, Meerut, Etah, Hardoi, Sitapur, Agra, Mainpuri,
Farukhabad, Unnao, Lucknow, Bara Banki, Rae Bareli, Sultanpur, Faizabad,
Azamgarh, Ballia, Pratapgarh, Jaunpur, Ghazipur, Varanasi and Mirzapur lie in
Zone IV. The districts of Etawah, Kanpur, Jalaun, Jhansi, Harimpur, Banda,
Fatehpur, Allahabad and Lalitpur lie in Zone III.
Since the earthquake database in
India is still incomplete, especially with regards to earthquakes prior to the
historical period (before 1800 A.D.), these zones offer a rough guide of the earthquake hazard in any
particular region and need to be regularly updated
GSHAP Hazard Map for Uttar Pradesh).
Earthquake in Uttar
10 October 1956 - Bulandshahr District (Uttar
Pradesh), 6.2 (IMD)
15:31:36 UTC, 28.20N, 77.70E
One of the most powerful earthquakes in Uttar Pradesh struck the districts of
western Uttar Pradesh at 21:01 IST on October 10th, 1956. The massive shock was
centred near Jehangirpur, in Bulandshahr District.
No fatalities were reported. The shock was also strongly felt at Delhi, where
there was some minor damage.
Earthquakes in Uttar
The following list briefly outlines known earthquakes in this region. General locations are provided for historical events for
which "generalized" epicentral co-ordinates are available.
Some events which were significant for other reasons are also included.
This list will be updated whenever newer information is available. Please note
that Magnitude and Intensity are NOT THE SAME. All events are within the state
or union territory covered on this page unless stated otherwise.
Wave Magnitude, ML=Local
This listing will be modified
without notice. Please check back for the latest version
when using it elsewhere. Additionally, please
reproduce using appropriate
15 July 1720
- New Delhi, Delhi, M7.6
The last major earthquake in the New Delhi
region. Heavy damage in the city.
1 September 1803 - Northern Gharwal
region (Possibly Chamoli district) , M > 7
Epicentral location unknown
This earthquake is believed to be one of
the strongest earthquakes in this region. Between
200 - 300 were killed in this shock
and several villages were buried by landslides and
rockfalls. The Badrinath temple located ~40 km north of Chamoli
was severely damaged. Tremors were felt as
far away as Kolkata. Liquefaction was
reported at Mathura.
28 August 1916 - Western Nepal, Mw
7.1 (SSA), Ms 7.3 (SSA), 7.5
06:29:30 UTC, 30.00N, 81.00E
This major earthquake was centred near Mount Api.
It caused damage to some masonry buildings at Dharchula, India.
1920 - NW
of Sasaram, Rothas District (Bihar-U.P.
Border region), 5.5 (KISS)
Rae Bareili-Sultanpur District border, 6.0 (TS)
19:20:45 UTC, 26.50N, 81.50E
Border Region, Mw
14:21 IST / 08:43 UTC, 26.50N, 86.50E
Among the deadliest earthquakes in Indian
history. Close to 10,500 were killed in Bihar. Damage occurred
in eastern Uttar Pradesh, at Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi and
many other places.
8 November 1952 - Indo-Nepal Border region (Bahraich-Gonda
Districts), 6.0 (TS)
10:41:54 UTC, 27.90N, 82.20E
29 August 1953 - Indo-Nepal Border region (Bahraich-Gonda
Districts), 6.0 (TS)
01:58:25 UTC, 27.90N, 82.20E
4 September 1954 - West of Pokhara, Central Nepal, 6.75
06:45:14 UTC, 28.30N, 83.80E
10 October 1956 - Bulandshahr
District (Uttar Pradesh), 6.2 (IMD)
15:31:36 UTC, 28.20N, 77.70E
One of the most powerful earthquakes in Uttar Pradesh struck the
districts of western Uttar Pradesh at 21:01 IST on October 10th,
1956. The massive shock was centred near
Jehangirpur, in Bulandshahr District.
No fatalities were reported. The shock was also strongly felt at
Delhi, where there was some minor damage.
27 August 1960 - Gurgaon-Faridabad Districts (Haryana),
15:58:59.20UTC, 28.20N, 77.40E
Damage from this earthquake extended into New Delhi where at
least 50 people were injured. Structural damage was reported in
Karol Bagh and cracks in houses in R.K.Puram.
24 December 1961 - Indo-Nepal Border region (Pilibhit,
Nainital, Kheri Districts), 6.0 (TS)
07:13:30 UTC, 28.80N, 81.50E
1 June 1965 - West of Ghorakpur, (Ghorakpur-Basti
Districts), 5.7 (TS)
07:52:30 UTC, 27.00N, 83.00E
15 September 1966 - South of Moradabad, (Moradabad-Rampur
Districts), 5.8 (TS)
02:15:33.80 UTC, 28.70N, 78.90E
29 July 1980
- Western Nepal, Mw
14:58:40 UTC, 29.60N, 81.09E
Between 150 - 200 persons were killed
and hundreds injured. Extensive damage
in several towns in western Nepal. The quake also caused damage
in Pithoragarh area, nearly 50 kilometres away from the
epicentre. 13 persons were killed here and 40 were injured. The
quake was felt as far away as Kathmandu and New Delhi.
21 October 1991
- Near Pilang (Uttarkashi District), Mw
/ 02:53:14 IST, 30.78N, 78.77E
Between 750 to
2000 people killed in
the Gharwal region. It was also
felt very strongly in Uttar Pradesh, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana
and Punjab. Some minor damage was reported in Chandigarh and New
29th March 1999
- Near Gopeshwar (Chamoli District), Mw
19:05:11 UTC, 30.492N, 79.288E
115 people killed in the Gharwal
region. The quake was felt very
strongly in Uttar Pradesh, Chandigarh, Delhi and Haryana. In
Haryana, one person was killed in the city of Ambala
and 2 at Nakodar in the
neighbouring state of Punjab. Minor damage to
buildings in New Delhi, most significantly in Patparganj. Minor
damage also reported from Chandigarh.
18 October 2007
Gautambudhnagar, Uttar Pradesh, M 3.6
05:54:41 UTC, 28.300 N, 77.600 E
mild earthquake struck
the district of Gautambudhnagar in western Uttar Pradesh,
India, on 18 October
2007 at 11:24 AM
local time. It had a magnitude of
M?=3.6 and caused minor damage
in the epicentral region.